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Carnation Tutorial

This is a relatively easy flower to execute but it is time consuming because of the number of petals you will make.
 
What you will need:
 
Carnation Petal veiner
Rolling board
Orchard pad or similar softening mat
Paste: Colour of choice for the flower and pale green for the calyx
White fat or Petal Base
Glue of choice & fine brush
Small rolling pin and Orchard pin or similar
Ball tool
Cutting wheel
Cornflour
Small scissors (embroidery)
Cutter suitable to make the calyx
White wires: 22g
White & green stem tape (half width)
Dusting brush & dusting colour of choice for petals
Eucalyptus and mid green petal dust for calyx
 
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 Take a length of half width white stem tape and wrap the end to a bulb around a 1/3 length 22g white wire as shown. This forms the centre of the flower. You can make a bulb of petal paste if you wish, but this is quick and does the job very well.
Roll out a small ball of paste very thinly and press the paste into the petal veiner, making sure to press right up to the edges.
 
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Take the paste off the veiner and turn over. Cut out the impression left in the paste.  Cut out two petals. 
Transfer the petals to your softening pad and using the ball tool, frill the edges of the petals as shown with the tool half on and half off the edge of the paste.
Using your chosen glue, moisten half the petal.
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Roll the edge of the petal into the centre, and turn over. Moisten the other side of the petal and roll into the centre. You should now have two petals as shown.

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Take the flower middle you made with the wire and tape and moisten it with your glue all around. Pick up one petal and push the bulb lengthways into the crease on one side of the petal. Pinch the edges together so that the bulb disappears completely into the petal.

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  Moisten the crease on one side of the remaining petal and wrap around the first, pinching the base of both petals around the wire to neaten.
Cut 3 more petals. Frill and fold as before and glue them equally around the first two petals.
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Cut a further 5 petals and in the same way as the previous 3, glue them around the flower. These form the inner petals of your carnation.
Cut 4 more petals and frill. These start the outer petals of the flower and do not need to be creased.
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  Starting half an inch down from the top of the petals, apply your chosen glue right down to the bottom of the petal and arrange these around the centre of the flower, overlapping as you go. Make sure that the base of the petals are neat, removing any excess paste as necessary.
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Cut 5 final petals, frill and glue as before, and you should now have a carnation like the one in the picture above.
 
FOR THE CALYX
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The cutter I have used here is a five pointed blossom cutter.
Make a mexican hat with a long back. Make sure that the cutter you use has a large enough hole in the centre to accommodate the hump.
Using your small scissors, cut away the points so that the shape resembles a squat star. If you have a suitable star cutter, use that to cut the calyx and you can eliminate the step with the scissors.
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Thin the edges of the calyx with the ball tool on the edge of your softening mat, and using your cel stick or orchard pin, begin to open up the throat of the calyx.  You will need to dip the end of the pin in cornflour or it will stick to the paste. Use both ends of the pin and you should aim for a large enough cavity in the paste to accomodate the back of the flower.

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Glue inside the calyx, and feed the flower down into it. Roll between your finger and thumb to make sure you have a nice neat back.

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Once your calyx is attached and while the paste is still soft, using your small scissors, cut 5 tiny "v" shapes into the base of the calyx as shown. Once dry you can dust over the very edges of the petals very lightly with your chosen petal dust, and dust over the calyx with a mixture of mid green and eucalyptus petal dust.  Steam to set the colours. When dry, tape on an additional 22g wire with green or white stem tape. If using white, you will need to colour the tape.
 
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The Finished Carnation


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